Cancer Sym: What Is Lymphoma?

What Is Lymphoma?

Lymphoma begins in immune system cells called lymphocytes. These cells are found in the larynx, thyroid, thymus, bone marrow, and other parts of the body. When you have cancer, the lymph nodes are altered and rendered inactive white blood cells.

Lymphoma


There are two broad types of lymphoma:

No-Hodgkin: Most people with lymphoma have this type of infection.

Hodgkin

O-Hodgkin and Hodgkin lymphoma are different types of white blood cells. All types of lymphoma have different rates and respond differently to a treatment.

Lymphoma is treatable, and different ideas may depend on the type of lymphoma and the condition of the disease. Your doctor can help you find the right treatment for your type and condition.

Lymphoma is different from cancer. One of these cancers begins in one cell.

Lymphocyte cancer begins with bacteria-fighting lymphocytes.

Leukemia starts in the blood-forming cells in the bone marrow.

Lymphoma, unlike lymphedema, is a fluid that produces body cells when it destroys or clogs the lymphatic system.

Causes

Scientists do not know what causes lymphoma in most cases.

You could be at great risk:

  • You could be 60 or older from Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • 15 for 40 and over 55 for Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • They are male, although some subtypes may be more common in females
  • You have HIV / AIDS, a genetic mutation or a genetic disorder, a weakened immune system
  • Autoimmune diseases such as arthritis, respiratory disease, arthritis or celiac disease
  • You are infected with a virus such as Epstein Bar, hepatitis C or T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (HTLV-1).
  • Being a close relative, who had lymphoma
  • Benzene is an extension of insects and a notorious killer
  • In the past, they had treated Hodgkin's or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • They were treated with a beam in the treatment of cancer


Symptoms

Symptoms of lymphoma are:

  • Lymph nodes, usually the neck, flanks, or tendons
  • Change
  • chill out
  • heat
  • Sweat at night
  • Reka
  • Lose weight
  • itch
  • Most of these symptoms can be symptoms of other illnesses. Seek medical attention immediately if you have lymphoma.


Getting a Diagnosis

You want to know your doctor before you get tested:

  • How are you feeling?
  • When did you first notice the change?
  • Do you have pain? Where?
  • As you need
  • Have you lost weight?
  • Do you feel tired or weak?
  • What are your current medical problems?
  • What is the history of ancient medicine, like medicine and methods of treatment?
  • What is your medical history?
The doctor will perform a physical examination and check for swollen lymph nodes. This sign does not mean that you have cancer. Most diseases - not related to cancer - cause lymphoma.

You may need a lymph node biopsy to diagnose cancer cells. For this test, the doctor will remove all or part of the lymph node or remove a small amount of fat with a needle from the affected area.

You can also perform one of the following tests to diagnose, treat, or treat lymphoma:

Aspiration or bone marrow biopsy. Your doctor will use a needle to remove fluid or tissue from your bone marrow - the spongy part of the bone where blood cells are formed - to find lymphoma cells.

X-ray chest. This is done with low-dose radiation to create an impression of the inside of the breast.

MRI. Technicians will use powerful magnets and radio waves to take pictures of the organs and structures in your body.

PET scanning. This imaging test uses radioactive material to find cancer cells in the body.

Molecular Test. These tests are used to detect changes in genes, proteins, and other cancer cell material to help your doctor determine the type of lymphoma you have.

Blood test. They control the number of certain cells, the level of other substances, or signs of infection in your blood.

Treatment

The treatment you receive depends on the type of lymphoma you are experiencing and its stage.

The main treatments for Hodgkin's lymphoma are:

  • Chemotherapy involves the administration of drugs that kill the cancer cells
  • Radiation therapy, which uses high energy radiation to destroy cancer cells
  • Immunotherapy that uses your immune system to attack cancer cells
  • Targeted therapy aimed at slowing the growth of lymphoma cells

The main treatments for Hodgkin's lymphoma are:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Immunotherapy
If this treatment does not work, you can have a stem cell transplant. First, you will receive a very high dose of chemotherapy. This treatment not only kills the cancer cells but also destroys the stem cells in your bone marrow and creates new blood cells. After chemotherapy, you can get a stem cell transplant to replace the damaged cell.

There are two types of transplanted cells: 
  • autologous transplants use your existing cells. 
  • Allogeneic transfer using stem cells derived from donors.

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